Even though back pain can affect people of any age, it is significantly more common among adults aged between 35 and 55 years. Experts say that back pain is associated with the way our bones, muscles and ligaments in our backs work and connect together.

What's the most common source of low back pain?

1. Problems with the spine
2. Problems with ligaments
3. Problems with muscles
4. Problem with nerves

Muscle spasms are the most common reason for low back pain. That's why some treatments include muscle relaxers. You can strain a muscle with an unexpected pull or twist. Your chances of muscle spasms go up if you have weak stomach muscles, tight hamstrings, any back weakness, or a pelvis that tilts forward more than normal.

Almost all people have lower back pain at some time during their life.

1. True
2. False

Back pain is a common symptom that affects nearly everyone at some time in their life. Back pain affects men and women equally. Pain in the low back most commonly develops between the ages of 30 and 50, due both to the aging process and sedentary lifestyles.

A week of bed rest is the best treatment for low back pain.

1. True
2. False

Bed rest alone can actually make back pain worse. It can also lead to other conditions, like weakened muscles and blood clots in the legs. One study showed that people who continued their normal activities after a bout of low back pain had more flexibility than those who rested in bed for a week. Staying in the same position for too long can also make your joints stiff.

Which of the following refers to the vertebrae in the lower back?

1. Lumbar vertebrae
2. Thoracic vertebrae
3. Cervical vertebrae

The lower back consists of five lumbar vertebrae. They are the weight-bearing part of the back and carry the most stress. The mid-back is made up of 12 thoracic vertebrae. The rib cage attaches here. This part of the back is very flexible to allow bending and twisting. The seven cervical vertebrae are in the neck.

The only neurological ailment more common than back pain is…

1. Headache
2. Eye Pain
3. Headache
4. Knee pain

Headache is the only neurologic (nerve-related) symptom more common than back pain among people in the U.S. In most cases, back pain improves within a few days, but in some cases, it may last longer or become chronic.

Your spines purpose is to..

1. Balance the body
2. Support the rib cage
3. Support the upper body weight
4. All of the above

The spinal column is the main structure of the back. It supports the weight of the upper body and encases the delicate system of nerves making up the spinal cord. The back itself extends from the neck to the pelvis and is made up of the bones of the spinal column, muscles, and other tissues.

__________ describes a condition involving painful pressure on a specific nerve in the back.

1. Spinal degenration
2. Spinal tap
3. Spasms
4. Sciatica

With sciatica, a herniated or ruptured disc presses against the sciatic nerve that runs from the spinal column down the lower extremity. This causes burning or shock-like pain in the low back and buttocks that may extend down one leg to the foot.

Which of these conditions involve a spinal curvature disorder that may cause back pain?

1. Sawyback
2. Scoliosis
3. Kyphosis

Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips. Sometimes it is easy to notice, but not always.

What is the best tool for diagnosing the cause of low back pain?

1. X-ray
2. MRI
3. CT Scan
4. None of the above

Most of the time, you don't need an imaging test, particularly because most scans won't reveal a muscle spasm or ligament sprain. But your doctor may still order one for a few reasons, including if you injured your back or if the pain doesn't get better after several weeks.

Injury to the back or a medical disorder causes most low back pain.

1. True
2. False

Most back pain is caused by injury to the lower back or an ongoing health problem. Injuries include overuse of the back muscles, sports injuries, extreme lifting, or sudden jolts -- such as a car accident. Arthritis or a bulging disc are ongoing health conditions that may cause back pain.

Acute -- or short-term -- low back pain begins suddenly and may last several days or weeks. Chronic low back pain, which can be mild or severe, lasts longer than 3 months.

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